45437858938069024590015Republic of the PhilippinesBulacan State UniversityCollege of Social Sciences and PhilosophyBachelor of Public AdministrationEFFECTS OF HOUSEHOLD SEGREGATION IN GENERATING RAW MATERIALS IN ECO-BRICK PRODUCTION IN NORTHVILLE 8 SANTOR SITE, CITY OF MALOLOS BULACANSubmitted By:Nunez, Danielle Jane T.Ostonal, Darla Theresa V.Venturina, Rovelyn B.Submitted ToDr.Victoria ValenzuelaResearch InstructorCHAPTER ITHE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDIntroductionAccording to Medina (2000) Solid Waste Management is a materials generated from the result of human daily activities resulting from areas such as household, public places and city streets, shops, offices and hospitals. These wastes have frequently been the responsibility of government authorities for collection, transportation and later disposal. In addition waste from industrial sectors have usually nor been considered municipal however should not be underestimated when dealing with the solid waste in general because in most cases they all end up in the same municipal solid waste stream.
Moreover, municipal solid waste in developing countries is composed of wastes from household refuse, institutional wastes, commercial wastes, streets sweepings and remains from various construction works.According to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal of 1989, Art. 2(1), “‘Wastes’ are substance or objects, which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national law”.Waste mismanagement has serious environmental effects making the passage of the Republic Act (RA) 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 a landmark environmental legislation in the Philippines. The law was crafted in response to the increasing number of garbage problems in the country.
RA 9003 declares the policy of the state in adopting a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that ensures the protection of public health and the environment and the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of best environmental practices. Moreover, it illustrates the potentials and benefits of recycling not only in addressing waste management problems but also in alleviating poverty.Malolos, officially the City of Malolos, is a first class highly urbanized component city in the Philippines. It is considered as the 115th city in the country.
It is the capital of the Province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. Northville 8 is one of the barangay in the City of Malolos. (Website of City of Malolos, Bulacan). Northville 8 is a resettlement area for the displaced families (malolos rail) in the PNR owned properties. Northville 8 Santor Site composed of 2,990 in their population from Block 14-38.
(Website from Wikimapia).Like other places, the said community is facing the same problem which is the increasing number of waste in their community. The SWM of Northville 8 needs to assess in terms of their effectiveness to have a intervention proposal on the said place. According to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. These 17 Goals build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals, while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are interconnected often the key to success on one will involve tackling issues more commonly associated with another. UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said. “The Agenda offers a unique opportunity to put the whole world on a more prosperous and sustainable development path.
In many ways, it reflects what UNDP was created for.”According to the SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve the goa. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste us equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.Green Antz Builders is an innovative provider of building and housing solutions that integrates eco-friendly practices and green technologies in its products and services. It started as an advocacy in 2012 – the focus then was to convert plastic wastes to construction products. Eventually, it evolved to what it is now: a company which promotes practices and technologies that will protect the environment. It views waste as a valuable resource that can be converted to green products. This is deeply ingrained in its operations.
While developing innovative products for the construction industry through strategic partnership with responsible companies.The vision of Green Antz Builder is to be recognized as an innovative provider of environment-friendly products and solutions for the construction industry. To be a responsible corporate citizen that complies with all laws and regulation. To be a leading driver of social value through impactful initiatives on green sustainability, poverty alleviation and improving the access to shelter and classroom and the mission is to create sustainable and environmentally responsible communities.This research focuses on the level of effectiveness of introducing Green Antz Eco-Bricks towards the SWM of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.Statement of the ProblemThe general problem of the study is: What is the Effects of Household Segregation in Generating Raw Materials in Eco-Brick Production in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan?Specifically it sought to answer the following question:What is the current status implementation of SWM in Northville 8 Santor Site in terms of:Awareness of the respondents towards the SWM.
Satisfaction of the respondents towards the SWM.What is the level of awareness of the residence of the Northville 8 towards the use of Eco-bricks as a recycling method?What are the effects of introducing Green Antz Eco-Bricks towards the SWM problem of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan?What other government intervention can be produced in SWM problem of Northville 8 Santor Site?Significance of the StudyThe findings of this study will be useful to the following:Environment. Our Mother Earth would be benefit from this study only because this study are expected to lessen the number of waste produced by the whole community especially the plastic waste produced by the community of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos.
Barangay Santor, City of Malolos. As a leading sector, this study will help the government to lessen their problem in terms of plastic waste of the community. This would be a great help to them because the Barangay Santor would be recognize as a eco-friendly community.Residence of Block 14-38 Northville 8. It is a big help for them to protect their place where they lived from harm and other health threats and this is the one of the expected benefit from this study.Future Researchers.
To the next researchers, this study will benefit and help them as their guide. They could also develop or conduct other related studies.Scope and DelimitationThe research study focused on the Effects of Household Segregation in Generating Raw Materials in Eco-Brick Production in Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.The process of the study involved identifying most generated waste of the community in Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan and the important is the participation of the residence and LGU in this intervention.
Covered by this study were 24 blocks that is part of the Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site. Also, the participation of the Local Government of Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos especially the Barangay Captain and the SWM Committee officers are included to this study by conducting an interview.Chapter IITHEORETICAL FRAMEWORKThis chapter presents the relevant theories, related literature and studies, and research framework of the study to provide the frame of references for this research. The definitions of variables are also included in this chapter.Relevant TheoriesThis study focused on the Solid Waste Management of the Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City Malolos, Bulacan.
The following theories served as the framework of the study in evaluating the effectiveness of the Solid Waste Management Plan of the selected barangay in accordance to the rules and guidelines set in R.A 9003.A. Waste Management Theory (WMT) According to Love (2002) The Waste Management Theory has been introduced to channel environmental sciences into engineering design. WMT is a unified body of knowledge about waste and waste management. It is an effort to organize the diverse variables of the waste management system as it stands today. WMT is considered within the paradigm of Industrial Ecology, and built side-by-side with other relevant theories. According to Love (2002), it is crucial to theory development to integrate theories from other bodies of knowledge, as well as the clarification of the definitions of core concepts, and mapping out key issues, such as domains, epistemologies and ontologies.
At the present stage of WMT development, scientific definitions of key concepts has been offer, and evolving of WMT under the paradigm of Industrial Ecology is in progress.B. Grey TheoryGrey Theory discussed first time by Deng in 1982, which includes five major parts: grey prediction, grey relational analysis, grey programming and grey control (Li et al., 2006).
We have used grey theory to select the best waste disposal firm depending upon certain criteria. Grey theory are used when only partial information is available with the decision maker, where linguistic variables are used to give weights to the criteria and ratings to the different alternatives, which later converted into grey numbers.C. Structural-Functionalist TheoryAccording to (Almond and Powell) Structural-Functionalist Theory emphasizes on the functional aspects of the structures and institutions in the political system. Efficiency and effectiveness of policy implementation is determined through the performance of its designated function. Almond and Powell suggested that the physical, social and economic environment influences these structures in the political system.
This approach tackles on the institutions and structure within a political system, which include political parties, bureaucracy, local governments, etc. almond and Powell suggested that these structures perform different functions, which in turn contribute and affects the society as a whole. The Structural-Functionalist approach could be use in looking at the interplay of the processes involved in the implementation of a certain policy and how the institutions in the political system carry out these processes. Likewise, this theoretical approach can serve as framework for the assessment of Barangay Lahug’s implementation of their Solid Waste Management plan as provided as their local ordinances juxtaposed to the guidelines stipulated in R.
A 9003.Related LiteratureRelated Literature were studied to further improve the study and served as the groundwork of this research.According Medina, (2000) Solid Waste or Municipal Waste referred as materials generated from the result of human daily activities resulting from areas such as households, public places and city streets, shop, offices and hospitals. These wastes have frequently been the responsibility of government authorities for collection, transportation and later disposal. In addition waste from industrial sectors have usually not been considered municipal however should not be underestimated when dealing with solid waste in general because in most cases they all end up in the same municipal solid waste stream.
Moreover municipal solid waste in developing countries is composed of wastes from household refuse, institutional wastes, commercial wastes, street sweepings and also remains from various construction works.In technical note, the term “solid waste” is used to include all non-liquid wastes generated by human activity and a range of solid waste material resulting from the disaster, such as general domestic garbage such as food waste, ash and packaging material; human faces disposed of in garbage; emergency waste such as plastic water bottles and packaging from other emergency supplies; rubble resulting from the disaster; mud and slurry deposited by the natural disaster; and allen trees and rocks obstructing transport and communications. Other specialist wastes, such as medical waste from hospitals and toxic waste from industry, will also need to be dealt with urgently, but they are not covered by this technical note (World Health Organization, 2011).
Asmawati Desa (2012), There is no material in this world, which is not useful in one-way or the other. Also there is no material, which is created out nothing. It is man’s ignorance that he considers certain thing as waste and other things as useful. Just as types of tastes are changing, so must the attitude of the people towards waste must change. People must realize that the solution lies in using waste as a resource rather than to be destroyed.
Only due to hazardous to human health, some of these undesirable substances cannot be directly reused.Waste segregation at the household level is not widely practiced and waste recycling knowledge is minimal. Past efforts to promote waste segregation at source have failed despite the issuance of city and municipal ordinances providing for sanction and penalties for non-compliance. Some reasons that have been cited for the non-compliance include indifference of local residents to participate in community waste management-related activities, local residents to participate in community waste collection, resident’s discipline that government has the sole responsibility over garbage management and lack of information dissemination and education campaigns.Looking from these perspective, there is pressing, there is a pressing current issue in Solid Waste Management especially in Waste Segregation because of lack of discipline and knowledge about segregation of the residence and lack of information dissemination by the LGU’s and because of the looming garbage of our country are prone in floods that may cause vulnerable, and the environment is also affected because of our carelessness. Based on the Ecological Solid Waste Management 2000 (R.A 9003), this law was crafted because of looming garbage problem in the country. This law ensures the protection of public health, and the environment and the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of best environmental practices.
So that, all LGU’s should practice and strengthening the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act especially the segregation of the wastes (Bennagen, Nepumuceno, Covar, 2002).First and foremost, plastic pollution poses one of the greatest threats to the planet’s healthy ecology. When plastic enters then biosphere it is an ecological poison that disrupts the cycle of life. Eco-bricks allow you to take personally responsibility for your plastic. Eco-bricks makes use of the very problem (the longevity of the plastic) to seal the potential toxics away.
By eco bricking, the net surface area of the plastic is reduced a factor of several thousands. Eco bricks help put a stop to the down spiral by simply removing it from this system. Whereas, the utility of plastic has been traditionally used by large corporations to ship cheap, long lasting products around the world and further their empires the appropriation of plastic from the global system, let it be put to use for local benefit.
Many people, communities and companies feel they need to rely on an outside facility to deal responsibility with their plastic. Most traditional recycling system cost millions of dollars. With Eco-bricks there is no need for a big recycling plant or a giant incinerator. Eco bricks allow individual and community action without the need of special skills, equipment, facilities, finances or political permission, to transform flows of wastes into useful, zero-cost and indefinitely reusable building blocks. Once started, Eco-brickers are empowered to go 100% zero waste (“The Vision Eco brick Construction Guide”, 2013).Eco-Brick is the Green Antz company’s flagship product.
This compressed interlocking brick makes use of laminates as extra composite materials. Eco-Bricks are created using a mixture of wet cement and shredded plastic laminates, more commonly known as sachets. The plastic increases the thermal insulating property of the brick. Related StudiesRelated studies were reviewed to survey research trends and enrich this study in the fields of research approach, variables of the study – effectiveness in implementation of Municipal Solid Waste Management.
The experience and practices of household waste management of people in a barangay (village) in Manila, Philippines are documented. The data were gathered through an interview with household members using open-ended questions. Interviews were also conducted with garbage collectors as well as scavengers. Results showed that the households generated an average of 3.2 kg of solid waste per day, or 0.
50kg/capita/day. The types of wastes commonly generated are food/kitchen wastes, papers, PET bottles, metals, and cans, boxes/cartons, glass bottles, cellophane/plastics, and yard/garden wastes. The respondents segregate their wastes in PET bottles, glass bottles, and other waste (mixed wastes). No respondents perform composting. It is worth noting, however, that the burning of waste is not done by the respondents. The households rely on garbage collection by the government.
Collection is done twice daily, except Sundays, and household members bring their garbage when the garbage truck arrives. However, there are those who dump their garbage in non-designated pick-up points, usually in a corner of the street. The dumped garbage becomes a breeding ground for disease-causing organisms. Some household respondents said that it is possible that the dumping in certain areas caused the dengue fever suffered by some of their family members. Mothers and household helpers are responsible for household waste management. Scavengers generally look for recyclable items in the dumped garbage. All of them said that it is their only source of income, which is generally not enough for their meals.
Most of the respondents said that garbage collection and disposal is the responsibility of the government. The result of the study showed that R.A 9003, also known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, is not fully implemented in Metro Manila (Bernardo, 2008).The motioning town government in Samar has vowed to intensely the implementation of its Solid Waste Management Program after barangay chairman here took at one-day seminar-workshop on the program.
The activity was held at the Legislative Building. Motioning Mayor Francisco M. Langi Sr. said 30 barangay chairmen of his municipality attended said seminar-workshop sponsored by the town government conducted Municipal Planning and Development Officer, Engr. NicasioPermejo. Langi said all the barangay chairmen were educated on the provisions of the Solid Waste Management Act of 2003 so that they would be acquainted with the help implement the law in their respective barangays and propagate environmental preservation. He said the town government will strictly implement the “no segregation, no collection policy” in all of Motioning’s barangays and urged the barangay officials to put up a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) where they can segregate bio-degradable and non-biodegradable waste materials. Such materials can be turned into a livelihood as, according to Langi, “there is money in junk” (Abrematea, 2012).
Antidao is a small barangay of Sagada in the Northern Philippines– a village nestled in the mountains and surrounded by the verdant terraces that the community cultivates for their rice. During a parent teacher meeting, the teacher who was leading the Eco-bricking was presenting their intention to build an Eco-brick sign installation with our cob mortar technique. However, the poor teacher was assaulted by the doubts of the parents on the sturdiness and longevity of using clay to build with. These days, of course, everyone builds square, cement houses, and cob is just… well… mud! The poor teacher had no experience herself with cob or clay, only a past conversation with me to go on. Then, at the back of the room, a grandmother stood up and reprimanded them all: “You don’t remember, but this is how we used to build our houses, walls and terraces.
We didn’t have to buy steel bars or bring up sand or cement, just the straw from the field and the stones from cliffs. They were strong and stood for a long time.”.
It’s often a big challenge to convince people of the merit of cobs. It’s great to remind that we are treading in the well-honed path of our ancestors. The students have since been overwhelmingly passionate in mashing the clay and cabbing their Eco-brick wall sign. With one eye on the solutions of the past, and one eye on the problems of today, we move on! Unlike cement, the locally made cob doesn’t have to be purchased or imported, it’s not hard on the skin, and best of all, it enables the Eco-bricks to be removed and recycled when one day the wall comes to its end. Antidao has been experimenting with a new technique of laying Eco-bricks to make a pixelated school sign. By laying the Eco-bricks, one on top of the other (rather than one between the other) they have written the DepEd motto: “Honesty is the Best Policy” using the bottom colors of their Eco-bricks.
The bricks are layered using locally made cob then covered with a then finishing layer of cement (“Ancestral Wisdom to the Rescue”, 2014)Shoubi et al. (2013) reported that being lighter, plastic bottle walls can be better against earthquakes; due to the compaction of filling material in the bottles, they are 20 times more load resistant than conventional bricks; these filling materials also make these walls bullet proof. These walls can also support themselves. When these bottles are filled with sand, gravel and cork or wood particles, these bottle walls also have great insulating capability.
These walls can absorb abrupt shock loads; being non-brittle they produce much less construction waste compared to conventional bricks. They also reported that compared to brick and concrete block walls, plastic bottle walls cost 75% less. Bangladesh currently has a huge management problem with unsightly du across the country. Moreover, an ever increasing number of people migrating to the cities better future have led to develop already highly populated city landscape built with bottle bricks can offer the alternatives which could also provide other benefits. With that in view, this paper looked at the compressive strength of waste PET bottle brick cubes and compared conventional bricks. A comparative cost also done to assess the cost effective bricks to assess the overall suitable technology in Bangladesh.
According to the Coenerstone Content Management System. (Solid Waste in Malaysia, 2002), Despite the massive amount and complexity of waste produced, the standards of waste management in Malaysia are still poor. These include outdated and poor documentation of waste generation rates and composition, inefficient storage and collection systems, disposal or dumping of wastes and inefficient utilization of disposal site space.According to Rappler (2015), The Philippine was ranked the 3rd top source of plastic leaking into oceans in a February 2015 study. The country generates 2.
7 million metric tons of plastic garbage each year, 20% or 521,000 tons of which ends up in the ocean. Yet the country reported one of the highest garbage collection rates in the region-with a national average of 85% and nearly 90% in some dense urban areas.Definition of VariablesThe following terms are used in this study with conceptual and operational definitions as described herein:Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 a landmark of environmental legislation in the Philippines. The law crafted in response to the increasing number of garbage problem in the country. R.A 9003 declares the policy of the state in adopting a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that ensures the protection of public health and the environment and the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste trough the formulation and adoption of best environmental practices. Moreover, it illustrates the potential and benefits of recycling not only in addressing waste management problems but also in alleviating poverty.
Solid Waste refers to all discarded household, commercial waste, non-hazardous institutional and industrial waste, street sweepings, construction debris, and other non-hazardous/non-toxic wastes.Solid Waste Management a term that is used to refer to the process of collecting and treating solid wastes. It also offers solutions for recycling items that do not belong to garbage or trash. As long as people have been living in settlements and residential areas, garbage or solid waste has been issue.Environment the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival.Waste Segregation refers to sorting and segregation of different materials found in solid waste in order to promote recycling and re-use of resources and to reduce the volume of waste for collection and disposal. Eco-bricks are created using a mixture of wet cement and shredded plastic laminates, more commonly known as sachets. The plastic increases the thermal insulating property of the brick.
Green Antz Builder is an innovative provider of building and housing solutions that integrates eco-friendly practices and green technologies in its products and services. It started as an advocacy in 2012 – the focus then was to convert plastic wastes to construction products. Eventually, it evolved to what it is now: a company, which promotes practices, and technologies that will protect the environment. It views waste as a valuable resource that can be converted to green products. This is deeply ingrained in its operations. While developing innovative products for the construction industry through strategic partnership with responsible companies.Local Government Unit are institutional units whose fiscal, legislative and executive authority extends over the smallest geographical areas distinguished for administrative and political purposes.
Conceptual Framework3598545286385Target of SDG 12:By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.EFFECTS OF THE INTERVENTION TOWARDS SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTReduction of waste in the community.Achieving the goals in terms of being a “Eco-friendly and Green Community”.00Target of SDG 12:By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.EFFECTS OF THE INTERVENTION TOWARDS SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTReduction of waste in the community.Achieving the goals in terms of being a “Eco-friendly and Green Community”.1734820286385Survey InterviewIntroduction of the Green Antz Builders in the Northville 8 for participating in their SWM.
00Survey InterviewIntroduction of the Green Antz Builders in the Northville 8 for participating in their SWM.-46990286385Indicator SDG 12:National recycling rate, tons of material recycledProfile of the Northville 8 Santor SitePopulation of approximately 2,993Covers from Block 14-38.Kinds of waste generated by the community.Plastic MaterialsRaw MaterialsPapersBiodegradableToxic MaterialsParticipation and willingness in SWM of the followingLGU’sResidenceNGO’s00Indicator SDG 12:National recycling rate, tons of material recycledProfile of the Northville 8 Santor SitePopulation of approximately 2,993Covers from Block 14-38.Kinds of waste generated by the community.
Plastic MaterialsRaw MaterialsPapersBiodegradableToxic MaterialsParticipation and willingness in SWM of the followingLGU’sResidenceNGO’sINPUTPROCESSOUTPUTFigure 1. Conceptual Paradigm of the StudyCHAPTER IIIMETHODS OF RESEARCHThis chapter presents information on the research methodology that would be use in the study. Specifically, it would describe the research methodology itself, which would include the methods and techniques of the study, population and sample of the study, research instrument, procedures in the data gathering and data processing and the statistical treatment in order to achieve the objectives of the study.Methods and Techniques of the StudyThe study utilizes the mix method of research in assessing the level effectiveness of Solid Waste Management of Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site City of Malolos, Bulacan and also to knew the knowledge of the people in the community in proper segregation of waste.Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L.
(2011), stated that mixed method is a method focuses on collecting, analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative data in a single study or series of studies. Its central premise is that the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches, in combination, provides a better understanding of research problems than either approach alone. The approach for this technique would be both quantitative and qualitative research.Interview and survey were techniques used in this study’s data gathering. Richards (2009: 159) described interviews as one area of applied linguistics that is ‘in need of particular attention’, where ‘methodological interrogation’ needs to be more widespread. A Survey defined as the collection of information from a sample of individuals through their responses to questions (Check ; Schutt, 2012, p. 160). This type of research allows for a variety of methods to recruit participants, collect data, and utilized various methods of instrumentation.
Survey can used quantitative research strategies, Qualitative research strategies or both strategies. As it is often used to described and explore human behavior, surveys are therefore frequently used in social and psychological research (Singleton ; Straits, 2009)The study involved the following: (1) Identifying the houses who practice Proper Solid Waste Segregation, (2) Gathering data to know what kinds of waste of the residents of Santor Site generate the most. (3) And if the government performed well their duties and responsibilities in terms of waste management. Population and Sample of the StudyThe researchers chose the Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan as the research site of the study. The population of the study was composed of twenty-four (24) houses in the Barangay of Santor, Malolos, Bulacan, and start from Blk 14 to Blk 38. The research proponents would cover 150 respondents. The one hundred forty-five participants are subjected to a population survey and the remaining five (5) participants subjected to interview.
Research InstrumentsThe instrument used in gathering the data needed in the study are described below. The used of multiple tools to collect responses allowed for multiple sources of evidence enhancing the validity or credibility of the results.Questionnaire. It is a set of printed or written question with a choice of answer, devised for the purposes of a survey or statistical study. The researchers used this instrument to know what the problems are. Interview.
It is a qualitative in-depth interview with people who know what is going on in the community. The purpose of key informant interview is to collect information from a wide range of people, including community leaders, residents, and some of the barangay officials.Participant Observation. It is one type of data collection method typically used in qualitative research. The researchers used this instrument to know how discipline the community residence is.Data Gathering ProcedureCollection of data was done through questionnaire, participant observation and interview.Questionnaire are used by the researcher to determine if the existing programs, plans and strategies of Solid Waste Management in the Barangay of Santor, Malolos, Bulacan is effective.Participant Observation by other researchers observing the participant’s way and attitude in answering question while the interview is ongoing.
The purpose of this is to know if the participant said the whole truth or they lied.Interview was conducted by the researchers to the (25) houses lay on the Barangay of Santor, Malolos, Bulacan to filling-out the missing data in the questionnaire, validation of answer, probing of answers, gaining details to answer, and in seeking elaboration of clarification of answer in the questionnaire.Data Processing and Statistical TreatmentParticipant’s data and information are tabulated as to: age, years of living in the Barangay of Santor, Malolos, Bulacan.The Frequency distribution uses to describe the profile or respondents.
For age, years of living bracketing applied.CHAPTER IVPRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATAThis chapter defines the data gathered and analyzed those variables that measures the level of knowledge of the community in terms of Solid Waste Management. The data were collected helped the researcher to distinguish what type of solution need to be done in Northville 8 Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.Demographic Profile of the RespondentsTable 1.
Demographic Profile of the RespondentsFrequency PercentAge 0-20 15 15.021-40 49 49.041-60 27 27.061-above 9 9.0Total 100 100.
0Gender Male 32 32.0Female 68 68.0Total 100 100.0Years of Living in the Community 0-2 47 47.03-5 12 12.06-10 16 16.
011-above 25 25.0Total 100 100.0Source of Income No Response 18 18.0With Business 58 58.0Without Business 24 24.0Total 100 100.
0Educational Attainment No Response 2 2.0Elementary 25 25.0Secondary 51 51.0Tertiary 22 22.
0Total 100 100.0Table 1 shows the demographic profile of the respondents of the Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan comprises of age, gender, years of living, state of living and educational attainment.The Table 1 shows that the age of the respondents is 14 years old is the youngest and the oldest is 78 years old. The gender with the frequency of male respondents is 32 with a percentage of 32.
0% and the frequency of female respondents is 68 with a percentage of 68.0%. Findings reveal that there are big differences between female respondents as compared to the male respondents. Mostly our female respondents are house wife which has more knowledge about to the waste problem of their barangay, in waste segregating and also to the types of the waste they mostly generated.In addition, the table shows the percentage of the years of living of the respondents in Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site, Malolos, Bulacan. The longest years of living of the respondents are thirteen years (13) or 13.
0%. The majority of respondents are ten years (10) or 10.0% since the day they are relocate to santor site because the malolos rail are PNR owned. Thirty-seven (37) or 37.0% of the respondents leave the question blank.The table also shows the frequency of the educational attainment of the respondents of Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site, Malolos, Bulacan. The majority of respondents are high school graduates (51 or 51.
0%), twenty-five (25) or 25.0% of respondents are elementary graduates and the other respondents are twenty-two (22) or 22.0% college graduates. Two (2) or 2.0% of the respondents left the question blank There are fifty-eight (58), 58.0% of the respondents who do not have business and twenty-four (24), or 24.0% of the respondents have business mostly are sari-sari store and computer shop.
Eighteen (18) or 18.0% of the respondents left the question blankLevel of Knowledge of the RespondentsTable 2. Frequency and Descriptive Measure of the level of knowledge of the respondentsQuestions 1 2 3 Mean Verbal InterpretationIn R.
A 9003 which is an act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary institutional mechanism, declaring certain prohibited acts. 2 36 62 2.60 KnowledgeableIn the bad effects of exposed garbage’s in the health of the community, especially those waste classified in biodegradable, wet waste and waste that produce bad smell that may cause of attraction of insects like mosquitos, flies and cockroaches.
2 22 76 2.74 KnowledgeableIn the continuous destruction of our environment caused by looming garbage’s. 0 20 79 2.77 KnowledgeableIn waste segregation based on their classification: Biodegradable, Non-Biodegradable, Recyclable.
0 18 82 2.82 KnowledgeableIn the implemented policy about waste segregation to lessen the waste’s thrown to the MRF (Materials Recovery Facility) and Sanitary Landfill. 11 26 62 2.49 Have Enough KnowledgeIn Compost Pit that is a mixture of decayed or decaying organic matter used to fertilize soil. 9 39 50 2.37 Have Enough KnowledgeIn the bad effects of open burning area in the health of the whole community and to our environment because of the smoke came from burning waste may cause headache, nausea and rashes.
3 16 80 2.75 KnowledgeableIn Green Antz Builder, which is an Eco-friendly, company. Bricks is the flagship of their company, which is made from plastic laminates or sachets. 51 19 26 1.67 Have Enough KnowledgeIn Eco-Bricks which is made up of cement and plastic laminates. 51 19 24 1.
61 Have Enough KnowledgeIn the policy implemented in your barangay. 9 24 61 2.40 Have Enough KnowledgeOverall Mean 2.
42 Have Enough KnowledgeRange: 1.00-1.49 (Do not have Knowledge), 1.50-2.49 (Have Enough Knowledge), 2.
50-3.00 (Knowledgeable)The table 2 shows the level of knowledge of the respondents of the Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan in accordance of the survey questionnaires given. This questionnaire has a scale that can identify their knowledge in Solid Waste Management, R.
A 9003, Green Antz Builder, Ecobricks and to the policy implemented by their barangay towards to their waste problem. Out of a rating scale of 1 to 3 the overall mean of 2.42 with the verbal interpretation of have enough knowledge. According Asmawati Desa (2012), There is no material in this world, which is not useful in one-way or the other. Also there is no material, which is created out nothing. It is man’s ignorance that he considers certain thing as waste and other things as useful. Just as types of tastes are changing, so must the attitude of the people towards waste must change.
People must realize that the solution lies in using waste as a resource rather than to be destroyed. Only due to hazardous to human health, some of these undesirable substances cannot be directly reused.The presented data in table 3 illustrates the result when the respondents were asked regarding to their level of knowledge. The table reveals that many of respondents has a knowledge about Solid Waste Management, R.A 9003, the effects of garbage’s in our health and to the environment, waste segregation based on their classification and also this table revealed that 51 of respondents have enough knowledge in what is Green Antz Builder and Eco-Bricks all about.
Figure 1. Schedule of Garbage Collection in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, BulacanAccording to the Coenerstone Content Management System. (Solid Waste in Malaysia, 2002), Despite the massive amount and complexity of waste produced, the standards of waste management in Malaysia are still poor. These include outdated and poor documentation of waste generation rates and composition, inefficient storage and collection systems, disposal or dumping of wastes and inefficient utilization of disposal site space.In this graph shows that the collection of garbage’s in Northville 8, Barangay Santor Site , City of Malolos, Bulacan is monthly. Thirty (30) of respondents said that 1-3 months the garbage collector collect their respective garbage’s, twenty-four (24) respondents said that their barangay don’t have a specific date. Twelve (12) respondents said that Monday, Tuesday and Thursday are the day of collecting garbage’s and lastly one (1) of our respondents said that every 2 years sometimes the barangay garbage collector collect their garbage’s.
Figure 2. Citizen’s Participation on SWM of Northville 8 Santor Site, City of Malolos, BulacanAccording to Bennagen, Nepumuceno and Covar (2002), Waste segregation at the household level is not widely practiced and waste recycling knowledge is minimal. Past efforts to promote waste segregation at source have failed despite the issuance of city and municipal ordinances providing for sanction and penalties for non-compliance. Some reasons that have been cited for the non-compliance include indifference of local residents to participate in community waste management-related activities, local residents to participate in community waste collection, resident’s discipline that government has the sole responsibility over garbage management and lack of information dissemination and education campaigns.This figure shows that the majority of respondents forty-eight (48) said that waste segregation is their way to help their barangay to the problem that they had faced. Seven (7) said that the burning of garbage in open area is best way to solve the waste problem of their barangay, twelve (12) (proper waste disposal) and the other Two (2) respondents said compost pitting, another two (2) respondents said unity and one (1) respondent answered recycling. Lastly, twenty-eight (28) respondents left the question blank.Figure 3.
Types of Waste Generated by the Residents of Northville 8, Santor Site, City of MalolosAccording to Rappler (2015), The Philippine was ranked the 3rd top source of plastic leaking into oceans in a February 2015 study. The country generates 2.7 million metric tons of plastic garbage each year, 20% or 521,000 tons of which ends up in the ocean. Yet the country reported one of the highest garbage collection rates in the region-with a national average of 85% and nearly 90% in some dense urban areas.This pie graph shows that sixty-five (65) of respondents answered that plastic their most generated waste and some of the respondents said that forty (40) biodegradable, three (3) non-biodegradable and twenty-two (22) are recyclable those are the waste they generated most. Twenty-three (23) of the respondents left the question blank.Majority of the respondents strongly agreed that having programs and projects relating to have five (5) trash bins and segregating waste based on their classification in every houses in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.CHAPTER VSUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONThis chapter discusses the summary, conclusion and the recommended relevant solution on the result of assessment in terms of level of knowledge of the community in Solid Waste Management issues and problems that can be a solution to their community in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan.
Summary of the StudyThe study focused on the assessment in terms of level of knowledge of community in Solid Waste Management issues and problems. Northville 8 Santor Site City of Malolos and residence as respondents. The study aims to analyze answer the research questions (1) What is the resident’s profile in terms of age; gender; years of living; state of living; and educational attainment (2) what is the level of knowledge of the respondents in terms of SWM specifically in RA 9003, Green Antz Builder, Ecobricks and to the policy implemented by their barangay towards to their waste problem.The conceptual-analytical framework of the study make used in Input-Process-Output paradigm. The input consist of the indicator of the SDG 12, the profile of the respondents, kinds of waste generated and the willingness of the LGU’s and the citizen in terms of participating in SWM. The study used both quantitative and qualitative method of research providing survey questionnaire and an interview guide to the residents of Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan. 100 out of 2993 residents of Northville 8 Santor Site are the respondents of this study.
The data gathered by the researchers have been analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences.Summary of FindingsBased on the outcomes of the study, the findings can be summarized into the following;Demographic Profile of the Residents of Northville 8Age: The respondents in the study have an age of 17 years old and above in which majority of the respondents are belong to the middle-aged generation.Gender: The majority of the respondents in Northville 8 Santor Site are belong to Female gender.
Years of living: The longest years of living of the respondents is 13 years and majority of the respondents has 10 years of living since the day they are relocate to santor site because the malolos rail are PNR owned. State of living: Almost half of the respondents have businesses and less than 30% of the respondents have no business.Educational Attainment: The respondents in the study have an educational attainment range from elementary to college graduate in which most of them are elementary level.Level of KnowledgeR.A 9003: Sixty-two (62) of the respondents of Northville 8 have a knowledge to the R.A 9003 or Ecological Solid Waste of Management Act of 2000.
Effects of waste in terms of:Health: The majority of the respondents knew that waste has a big effect in the health of the community.Environment: Seventy-nine (79) out of 100 respondents said that they know that waste is one of the reason of destruction of our environment.Policies implemented by the LGU’s: The findings of the study show that the majority of the respondents are well informed in the policies implemented by the LGU’s to the community.
Proper Waste DisposalWaste Segregation: The study shows that most of respondents in the Northville 8, Santor Site have enough knowledge on waste segregation.Compost Pit: Based on the findings most of the respondents already knew what compost pit is all about.Burning of Waste: The finding of the study shows that majority of the respondents knew that burning of waste in an open area has a big effect in the health of the community and to our environment.Green Anz Builder and Eco-Brick Technology: The study revealed that out of 100 respondents majority of the residence of Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan don’t know what is Green Antz Builder and Eco-Brick Technology all about and how it can help their barangay in their waste problem.Based on the findings, the majority of respondents said that the collection of the garbage on the Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan is monthly.
Based on the findings, instead of burning of waste on the open area that may have a negative effect in the health of the residence and to our environment. Waste segregation is the best way to do to solve the problem of their barangay in waste.Based on the findings, the majority of the respondents says that plastic is the most generated waste in their house/barangay.ConclusionBased on the findings regarding to respondents, the following statements are concluded.Based on the findings on the level of knowledge in R.A 9003, which is Ecological Solid Waste of Management Act 2000 it is much better if the barangay disseminate more information about that law to the residence on what is the importance of R.
A 9003 and the scope of it.The study also found out that majority of the respondents know that burning of waste in an open area has a bad effect in health and environment, but because of the monthly garbage collection in Northville 8, Santor Site, City of Malolos, Bulacan. That is why some of the respondents instead of segregating their waste they just burn it to their open area in beside of their house.The findings of the study shows that the plastics is the most generated waste in the Northville 8.Based on the findings about the schedule of garbage collection the scheduled date of garbage collection said by the barangay didn’t match to the result of the finding which is instead of Tuesday and Thursday every week majority to the result of monthly collection.The study also revealed that the majority of the respondents do not have an idea about Green Antz Builder and Eco-Bricks Technology.
They do not have an idea on how it may help their barangay to solve their problem in waste that may benefit all the residence of the Northville 8.RecommendationBased on the findings regarding to the employees, the following are highly recommended.The residents of Northville 8, Santor Site should segregate their waste in a correct manner for them to have a more organized community.It is also recommended that the Barangay Officials should do their duties and responsibilities most especially in waste problems and duties. Also, to have a seminars for them to gain their knowledge about the said issues. Green Antz Builders should be introduced in Northville 8 so that they will be guided accordingly specifically in recycling plastic waste, the most generated waste of the barangay to help also the environment.
And that the whole community of Northville 8 is highly recommended to participate more on their SWM programs and projects to have better community in collaboration with Green Antz Builders. In addition, it is good that the Barangay Officials especially the Committee on Waste and Means should designate main points in their place where the main trash bins are located to manage the waste of the said barangay and also to reorganized the schedule of garbage collection for a sustainable zero waste management of the community.Further discussion for the next researchers especially on other policies implemented about SWM of the barangay and also to study more about the management of the City Materials Recovery Facility where the waste of their barangay drops off.