Abstract The purpose of this project is to demonstrate how the scientific method is used in everyday life to make decisions and solve problems. Also, it states how research of reliable knowledge and the impact of scientific thinking assists with solving daily problems. It will explain, in detail, the scientific method and explicates step-by-step actions, put into place, to test the hypothesis of why the car will not start.
It states how to practice the scientific method effectively and, thus, obtaining satisfactory outcomes. Scientific Method in Everyday LifeThe scientific method is a process of science that was designed to reduced errors and bias in scientific work by demonstrating detailed steps that are needed, to reach conclusion. Scientific method is not just for scientists; it is a way for anyone to ask and answer questions by making observations and doing experiments. Through theory, the scientific method is used unconsciously by people daily to answer any question possible, including everyday life, because the same elements present in the traditional scientific method are present in us everyday lives. According to Albert Einstein (1936), “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.” In other words, scientific thinking is just an extension of the way a person already thinks. In real life, outside of science, the scientific method is a thorough application of common logic. Many people believe understanding science involves a kind of thinking; However, Science has implications for issues faced in everyday life, and scientific knowledge factors into the decision-making of these everyday problems.
For example, trying to start the car, and it does not work. The initial reaction is to think of reasons the car is not starting. This car will not start because it is out of gas.
The principles of the scientific method should be used to answer questions in an orderly manner. There are five steps shown to be involved in the scientific method. These measures include observation, hypothesis, prediction, experiment, and conclusion.
Seeing is the first phase of the scientific method. It helps express a problem and propose an answer based on what you know. Next step is to construct a hypothesis, or educated guess, that can be tested by experiment. Hypothesis is a possible solution to a problem, based on knowledge and research; that predicts how you will demonstrate whether the hypothesis is correct or not. Then, in the fourth step, you experiment, or test the hypothesis, to determine if you are right or wrong. Last is the conclusion, which summarizes the test’s results and how the results match up to the hypothesis.
In summary, the observation is that the car will not start. First, perform research to determine reasons the car will not start. Second, form a hypothesis; The car will not start because it has no gas; This car will not start because the battery is dead. Next, predict the outcome and then experiment to test the hypothesis. Lastly, analyze data to reach a conclusion. Method ? Observation: The car will not start. ? Question: Why is the car not starting? ? Hypothesis: Car will not start because it is out of gas. ? Prediction: So, the car will not start, then it is out of gas.
? Experiment: Check the gas level in the car. ? Conclusion: Plenty of gas in the car. The hypothesis was incorrect. ? Observation: The car will not start. ? Question: Why is the car not starting? ? Hypothesis: Car will not start because the battery is dead. ? Prediction: However, the car will not start, then the battery is dead.
? Experiment: Charge battery with a portable battery charger.? Conclusion: The car started. The hypothesis was correct.Results Hypothesized that the car would not start because the car is out of gas. A test was computed to exam this prediction.
The results of this hypothesis concluded that the car being out of gas is not the contributing factor as to why the car would not start. Further, it was hypothesized that the car would not start because the battery is dead. A test was conducted to examine this prediction as well. Results from this hypothesis concluded that the car would not start because the battery is dead. Discussion The purpose of this study is to apply concepts in Physical Science to evaluate issues in the modern world.
This study uses personal and societal issues to provide thematic continuity for investigation and observation. It uses scientific principles, processes, and evidence in everyday decision-making. The value of problem-solving while drawing connections between science and daily life is learned. The results of this study, in general, supports the notion that the car did not start because the battery was dead. References (Einstein, 1936)