Chapter 2REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATUREThis chapter presents some related literature which provide a conceptual frame preference in which this study was premised. It includes different statements held by different professionals supporting the research study.Related LiteratureAccording to the book Schizophrenia, National Institute of Mental Health, 2016 Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe disorder, it affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Schizophrenia is not common as other mental disorder. The person who has this kind of disorder see or hear things that aren’t really there or doesn’t really exists.
They may think or believe that some people are reading or controlling their minds or wanted to harm them. People with this kind of disorder may talk about unusual ideas or talks about strange things. Sometimes, person with schizophrenia look normal and fine until they talk about the things they hear or see.
Many people with schizophrenia need someone to rely on for help because they have difficulty on holding a job or caring for themselves. People with schizophrenia deals with symptoms throughout their lives but many people gets to recover and pursue their life goals by treatment. Researchers are developing more effective treatments and search for more causes of schizophrenia to understand it by using new research tools. The three categories of symptoms of schizophrenia are positive, negative and cognitive symptoms. According to (www.psychiatry.org 09/22/18) schizophrenia is chronic brain disorder. The symptoms of schizophrenia are hallucinations, delusions, trouble thinking and concentrating, and also lack of motivation.
When the person with schizophrenia is undergoing treatments, the symptoms will greatly improve. Experts are unweaving the causes of schizophrenia by studying genetics and using advanced imaging to look at the brain’s structure and function. Research has shown that man and woman has an equal affects but man has an earlier onset than woman.According to (http://schizophrenia.com 09/22/18) the word schizophrenia is a Greek word, schizo means split and phrene that means mind.
From this Greek word it describes a break up thinking of person with this disorder. Dr. Emile Kraepelin(1887) was the first who identified schizophrenia as discrete mental illness.