Due to advances in power electronic switches, and microprocessors, variable speed drive system using various control system have been generally used in many applications, some of them include field oriented control, or vector control, sensor less vector control and direct torque control.DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL: Due to its efficiency and low sensitive to parameter variation it have been generally accepted in the control of motor speed widely in all industrial applications because of its technique.Despite its importance, it has a major setback associated with it. That is the large torque and flux ripple at steady state operation of the motor.
These ripples can affect the accuracy of speed consideration of motor. Effort have been made using the space vector modulation and the multi-level inverter methods to reduce these ripples. These methods when used though, achieved some degree of success in reducing the ripples but they are difficult and costly to implement.In this chapter, the a lot of control techniques are discussed, the work done in reducing the torque and flux ripples using direct torque control method is highlighted. The proposed fuzzy logic with duty ratio control is equally treated in detail.
In DTC drives, the uncoupling of the torque and flux components are achieved by using hysteresis comparators which compares the actual and considered values of the electromagnetic torque and stator flux. The DTC drive consists of DTC controller, torque and flux calculator, and a Voltage Source Inverter (VSI).