Facts It is estimated that presently

Facts about Amazon Rainforest1- Amazon rainforest is more than 50 million years old.2- Amazon rainforest gives about 80% of the total food we eat.3- If Amazon was country it would have ranked 9th largest country in the world.4- Amazon Rainforest includes the area of more than 5.5 million square kilometers.5- The Amazon pours around 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic Ocean every second.

6- Amazon rainforest is the largest of all tropical forests in the world.7- 20% of the oxygen on our planet is produced by the humid Amazon tropical forests.8- Amazon is known as ‘lungs of the planet.’9- The size of the Amazon rainforest is nine times the size of Texas.

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10- The largest fish in the world – Pirarucu, reaching sizes (up to 2.5 m in length) and having a record weight of 250 kg was caught in the basins of Amazon River.11- The tallest in the Amazon forest is Kapok tree.12- There are numerous native tribes who live in Amazon forest; they have no contact with civilization.13- If there is a three-degree rise in temperature then it will destroy 75% of Amazon rainforest.14- Amazon rainforest run through nine countries- Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.

15- It is estimated that presently 2.5 million species of insects live in the Amazon basin.16- Brazil has the biggest part of Rainforest- around 60%.17- There are about 3,000 varieties of fruits found in Amazon rainforest.18- Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 40,000 plant species. 19- All most 137 spices of plants, animals, and insects become extinct every day due to deforestation.

20- Henry Ford built a city in the Amazon rainforest to harvest rubber. But now it is a ghost town.21- There are no bridges over Amazon River.22- There is species of butterflies that drink the tears of turtles.23- 20% of world’s birds live in Amazon Rainforest.24- The soil of Amazon is not fertile enough, that’s why people living there have to move very often25- The Toucan bird is the largest creature in the Amazon.26- The ground of Rainforest is very dark, only 1% of sunlight reaches the ground.

27- In the year 2005 and 2010 Amazon suffered drought, a huge amount of vegetation was affected due to it. 28- There are 500 species of mammals and 300 species of reptiles.29- There are approximate 250,000 Amazon natives. 30- Amazon tribes speak 170 different languages.

31- Amazon has many dangerous species of snakes, spiders, and animals. 32- It takes 10 minutes to reach rain to the ground because trees are so tightly packed.33- Amazon Rainforest receives 243 centimeters of rain ever year and 50% of is returned to the atmosphere through evaporation.34- 1 in 10 of all the world’s plant and animal species are found in the Amazon Rainforest.

35- According to scientists, every second about half a hectare of the rainforest disappears, because of the developing industry of neighboring countries.36- Recently, the species of blind underground ants found in the Amazon and it is considered a direct descendant of the very first species of ants.37- One hectare of Amazon forest has more than 750 types of tree, and 1,500 types of plants.38- From the point of view of the water flow, the Amazon River is more than the next 8 largest rivers of the planet combined. 39- In the Amazon and its tributaries, there are over 2 thousand different species of fish.40- The number of species of fish that live in this region exceeds the number of species of fish in whole Europe. 41- If deforestation will continue at the same rate then we will lose Amazon rainforest in 40 years.

42- About 1/4 of medicine we have today is from Amazon and it is only from 1% of examined trees from there.43- From the Amazon River to the Atlantic, there is so much fresh water that almost 150 kilometers of salt water desalt the ocean.44- The structure of forest includes 4 layers, each of which has a unique ecosystem with its inherent flora and fauna.

45- Five centuries ago, in the Amazonian tropics, lived about 10 million Aborigines.46- There are many plants on Amazon that are known to have anti-cancerous properties.47- Amazon has such huge diversity that it is believed that ants on one bush are more than the entire British Isles.48- On the territory of these forests there live such endangered species of animals and birds as the golden lion Tamarin, as well as the Hyacinth macaw (parrot).49- Many plants of forest grow to gigantic proportions. For example, tropical lilies on the water.50- There is a unique fish in the waters of the Amazon; a fish called Arapaima.

It is covered with a sturdy relief scale, the multi-layered composite structure, which allows it to survive in an environment of piranhas.51- There is a theory that the Amazon is a giant orchard left from a civilization that flourished in this area about 3,000 years ago. 52- The daily water flow of the Amazon is enough to provide water supply to the entire city of New York for 12 years.

53- Most of the water in the Amazon is formed because of the annual snow melting in the Peruvian Andes.54- Martin Strel was the first man to swim the entire length of Amazon River. It took him 66 days to travel.55- Some species of ants of Amazon are known for raiding neighboring colonies and taking other ants into slavery. 56- Under the Amazon flows another river called Rio Hamza. It is of the same length as Amazon but much wider than it.57- Once the Amazon started flowing into the Pacific Ocean, but then changed its direction in the opposite direction.58- In Amazon Forest, a microscopic fungus is found which can survive by eating plastic.59- On Amazon, there is the largest river island in the world – Marajo.60- The rainforest is very humid and has a larger temperature difference between day and night than between seasons.