Gender and hegemony have played a large role in History and have been intertwined with the government and society. Gender played a huge part in the shaping of the U.
S especially in the way that women were considered inferior to men and their husbands. Women were supposed to be the homemakers and the men were supposed to work. Hegemony can be seen with the control over Germany after World War I.
They were allowed to maintain their sovereignty, however, were forced to follow certain rules set by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 in order for the European countries to retain some control over the Germans’ behavior. Overall both gender roles and hegemony are ways that people manipulate and use assertiveness and dominance to control others and to maintain power. Gender roles have changed over time and even fluctuated between the periods of expansion and the cold war.
Pre- World war one men were dominant over their women who based on their dress and looks were often symbols of status and wealth. However, after the war women began to take a more significant role in society including keeping jobs they had during the war while the men were away. Women started dressing in louder colors and shorter dresses, not following what used to be considered societal norms.
Even as these women started organizing themselves to work for their communities in ways that would later result in the suffrage movement men denied these actions choosing instead to ignore them and continue the old ways. After World War II leading into the Cold War, the country went through a red scare where members of government and citizens alike were terrified of communism and the possibility of nuclear warfare. Part of this fear helped result in society reverting to more traditional roles and men once again women took on the role of homemaker and men held the power and controlled most aspects of life.The defeat of the German’s and the signing of the treaty of Versailles led to the English and other European countries having hegemony over the Germans. The treaty was the result of the French wanting to destroy the German’s chances of ever making war again, however, the English took a lighter view of the issues. They decided on a hegemony over the Germans allowing them to have a democracy and to self-govern over their country however at a cost. They forced Germany to readjust their boundaries, to pay reparations to the countries they had damaged during the war especially the French and English, as well as made it difficult for them to restart their economy. These requirements forced Germany, into a tight corner and had extreme difficulty jump-starting their economy relying heavily on American money to survive.
Eventually, the hegemony over the Germans failed because they were too scared of Hitler and another war resulting in a power shift back to Germany. Gender roles and hegemony are ways that people use, manipulate, and dominate people in order to maintain their power. Men in the past were considered superior to women who were considered homemakers and were signs of status and wealth. Men displayed power over women by promoting the perfect family as one with the man in charge and the woman following. The allied powers after world war one forced the Germans into hegemony. This meant that even though Germany was allowed to maintain sovereignty they were still limited and controlled by the allies.