Identification of the main issuesThe article title are ” Children with autism spectrum disorder from China and the Netherlands: Age of diagnosis, gender and comorbidities ” this research are done by Ke Wang,Chongying Wang from School of Medicine, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071, China, Dehua Guo from China Association of Persons with Psychiatric Disability and their Relatives (CAPPDR), Beijing, 100034, China, and Marlies van Wijngaardenc, Sander Begeer from Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.In this article, it is about children with autism spectrum disorder from China and the Netherlands are receiving their treatment well or not. The main issues in this article is that the diagnosis are not well develop in some countries, mainly in China. This is because some children are being diagnostic early enough and sometimes are being left out. In Netherlands, the diagnosis are done at the age of 3.1 to 14.
5 years old but in China average diagnosis are at 3.3 years old.The methods that are being use are not well balanced because the participants are at 925 people and not well balanced numbers are collected from China and Netherlands. The problems is how the data is being collected because the two countries are using two different method. In Netherlands, the data are collected by using online database but in China the data are collected with various services in China. Another issue for this disorder are the amount of particpants according to their gender. From the research done, the number of male is larger than number of female that having the disorder. The ratio are showing big differences between those two gender.
This can be conclude that male need serious attetion for the problems they are facing.The overview for this article is this research are being not relevant because the participants are not well balanced and the data being collected are not using the same pattern. Thus, the results may be bias in some cases. Therefore, the main issues and problems for this article is the data that they have been collected throughout the research.Analysis and evaluation of the issues/problemsFrom the article, there are five issues or problems that are stated due to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) from China and the Netherlands.
The issues are diagnosis age, gender, comorbidity. There are some differences between the countries about ASD children that is from China (eastern country) and the Netherlands (western country). It is stated that the problem may be associated and need to be analyze with the treatment of a relevant organization such as hospitals, schools and so on.
Some of these can be solved in some way based on what I have learned in the subject of organizational behavior.Diagnosis age is the age for the ASD need to diagnosed. In the article, the higher age of diagnosis of ASD in the Dutch sample compared to the Chinese sample may be due to several factors. Before that, the recruitment between that countries are differences which is in China they occurred through clinics for children while in the Holland participants were recruited through an online open survey, also suitable for older participants. In such a situation, although China has many established hospitals that are stated in that article, they also need to increase the expertise where ASD can be diagnosed. Based on my study, for the private hospitals maybe they can use the differentiation strategy emphasizes product innovation which is when the expertise of ASD increase in some hospitals, parents will seek them to diagnosis their children who effected ASD.
Zhou et al. (2014) has reported that “The total number of hospitals where the children received their diagnoses of ASD or ‘autistic tendencies’ increased steadily over time, from just a few hospitals in the early 1990s to 267 hospitals in 2012”. However, for Dutch data were collected through an open online database, allowing participants to respond that were not necessarily under treatment or assessments in clinics.
In solving this problem, they maybe can use the same way as China which occurred direct through clinics in their country and behavior of individuals that makes a positive overall contribution to some of organization.Moreover, another issues or problems that happen in this case is gender. Based on the case for both countries, males are higher than females that affect with ASD.
In China, the gender difference (6.92:1) found in Zhou et al. (2014) study was based on data collected from 1993 to 2012, and the study was directed during 2013 to 2014, so the decreasing male to female ratio (4.7:1) found in Chinese sample could be explained that girls got more attention and more easily diagnosed now than the last decade in China. Before this, China was prioritized boys compared to girls ( HYPERLINK “https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750946718301089” l “bib0070” Huang, Jia, & Wheeler, 2013) due to the Family Planning Policy.
Maybe from that study, China just did the survey of ASD diagnosis through boys only either in hospitals, schools or others. So, they need to standardize or stabilize the numbers of patients that need to be recorded.Then, continue to the next issue is with comorbidity acceptance and categorization of both countries against ASD is similar to (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) ADHD or (intellectual disability) ID to be diagnosed.
Children with both ASD and ID were diagnosed with ASD at a younger age compared to those who have ASD only ( HYPERLINK “https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750946718301089” l “bib0035” Daniels & Mandell, 2014). This is pertinent in light of the fact that distinctive societies have diverse discernments on ASD. In China, they considered that ASD is regarded a mental disability.
So, it would be easier for Chinese parents to accept that children have ADHD when children have ADHD and ASD because mental disabilities are still discriminatory and parents generally believe that ADHD is not mentally handicapped but rather behavioral problems behavior. Then, the ASD kids without ID in the Netherlands could have expanded the normal determination age. The expertise need to approach the kids to make decision to determine whether they effect with ASD only, ASD with ADHD or ASD with ID base on rational approach and behavioral approach. Recommendation of solutions In facts, many people says that there are no even one cure exist for autism spectrum disorder because it is a neurologically-based disability that affects a child’s social skills, communication and behavior.
Their behavior could be change all the time and they are very sensitive.Nevertheless, there are some ways or treatments that can be used in order to help these autism spectrum disorder victim. Firstly, use behavior and communication therapies where specialist can organize a program that focus on teaching children how to act and react in social situations. Plus, they will communicate better. These will help the autism to be motivated and learn a lot of lessons that has been taught in the program. Next, family therapies is the main role for autism spectrum disorder treatments.
This is because parents or families are the closest person that dealing and facing with them every day. Slowly it will build the socialize and communication skill towards authistic child. Therefore, parents and families must play an important role to teach them how to interact, teach daily living skills and others good behavior.Furthermore, meditation can be the best treatments for autism. Meditation is a conscious process of self-regulation that tempers the flow of thoughts, emotions and automatic behaviors in the body and mind.
In addition, it also a part of mindful practices by giving the autism listening exercise, mindful walks, mindful breathing and meditation and many more. These will helps the authistic child in developing their behavior.ConclusionIn conclusion, there are three issues and problems related to the ASD that is highlighted in this case report which is diagnosis age, gender, comorbidity in two different countries that is China representative as Eastern country and Netherland as Western country. Next, from the summarization of the article is that the researchers needs to organize their research to be well-balanced. From the observation, it can be conclude that organizational behaviour tend to depends on how humans react to something because it is base on ourselves.
Last but not least, every situations and problems are all related to human behavior. To be firm on focusing the key issue of autims case study, individuals behaviors and processes, social and groups processes in organizations are needed to help the autism spectrum disorder. It is important to understand and appropriately addressed and accept for they are.Referencesfile:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/OB%20ARTICLE.pdfhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3420737/http://www.icdl.com/dir/about-autism?gclid=Cj0KCQiAw5_fBRCSARIsAGodhk_sQpFf6w0ZZKy7Dm_IvA5j64ER6yLLxhOOo8hX6yY8GC7hi4WGfnoaAvkHEALw_wcBhttps://iancommunity.org/cs/therapies_treatments