Leukemia Disease Paper Leukemia is a type of cancer that effects blood cells in the body. There is different types of leukemia and depending which one it is effects different types of blood.
Most types of leukemia effects the white blood cells but others start in different blood cells, such as the red blood cells and the platelets. The white blood cells are used to protect a person from infection and diseases. In leukemia there is a abundant amount of abnormal white cells, called leukemia cells, the over crowding of abnormal white blood cells in the blood marrow causes the effected leukemia cells to kill off healthy white blood cells. These leukemia cells can also harm the red blood cells which help transport oxygen around the body and the platelets which help the human body from bleeding out. Leukemia can occur as a chronic in which the it is slow growing or acute where it is fast growing. Depending what leukemia, a person has determined the type of treatment and options the person will receive. There are many different types of leukemia. ALL which stands for Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia starts in the bone marrow where the blood is formed.
It is a fast growing type of leukemia. This type of leukemia is more common in children then adults. Leukemia is the most common cancer in children and teens accounting for 1 out of 3 cancers.
Most of these come from Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia and the other cases from Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Other types of leukemia cancers that can occur are Chronic Myeloid Leukemia or CML this is a slow growing leukemia that starts in the bone marrow and invades the blood this is a rare type of leukemia that only 10% of all type of leukemias are Chronic Myeloid Leukemia. It is rare for a children to have a chronic type of leukemia. The average life span for a person who has been diagnose with leukemia is 75 years which about the same as a person who does not have leukemia. Early stages of leukemia can come with no symptoms. Later on people with leukemia may notice some symptoms such as Anemia. Anemia is when a person has fewer red blood cells then normal.
Anemia and infection are huge indicators for this type of cancer. Other symptoms may include fatigue, a tendency to bruise or bleed easily, including bleeding from the gums or nose, or blood in the stool or urine. Susceptibility to infections such as sore throat or bronchial pneumonia, which may be accompanied by headache, low-grade fever, mouth sores or skin rash. Swollen lymph nodes, typically in the neck, armpits or groin. Loss of appetite and weight. Discomfort under the left lower ribs (caused by a swollen spleen). In advanced stages, symptoms may include sudden high temperature, confusion, seizures, inability to talk or move limbs, and an altered state of consciousness. If a person has any of these symptoms they should contact there doctor since all these symptoms indicate possible leukemia.
Depending on the type of leukemia and stage you are on will depend your treatment possible treatments for leukemia include Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, bone marrow or stem cell transplant, monoclonal antibodies, or radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs designed to slow or stop the growth of rapidly dividing cancer cells in the body. This treatment is used as a primary treatment to destroy cancer cells, before another treatment to shrink a tumor, after another treatment to destroy any remaining cancer cells, and to relieve symptoms of advanced cancers. In leukemia Chemotherapy is given through different treatments. One treatment is through orally which is by mouth in a pill form these is usually used more often by people who have chronic leukemias.
A common chemotherapy treatment for acute leukemias, ,such as Acute Myeloid leukemia and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, begans with the first phase of treatment through induction chemotherapy and then it continues through intensification chemotherapy. In induction chemotherapy, a combination of 2 or 3 drugs such as targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and corticosteroids, is used to destroy as many leukemia cells as possible and bring blood counts to normal this treatment is given for several months. Then, intensification chemotherapy is used to destroy any remaining leukemia cells that cannot be seen in the blood or bone marrow. Other ways people might receive chemo therapy include intravenously which is the injection into the vein and Intrathecally which is injecting drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid this helps detect and target leukemia cells that spread into the central nervous system. After Chemotherapy the patient might feel nauseous, person may experience taste change, cardiotoxicity, fatigue, neuropathy, mouth sores, hair loss, sexual dysfunction, lower blood cell count.
there is different cost for chemotherapy, the average for the initial treatment of chemotherapy is about 7,000 however it can cost as high as $30,000 over an eight-week period.