Public Health EmergenciesNameInstitutionInstructorCourseDate Public Health EmergenciesSyphilis OutbreakSyphilis, which is a sexually transmitted disease, has been on the rise in the United States. Although efforts to address the issue have had positive outcomes, research has indicated a gradual come back of the disease (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the rate of sexually transmitted infections has been on the increase since 2015 with 2 million cases in 2016 for sexually transmitted infections (Nelson & Kliegman, 2016). According to the report, this is the highest number of sexually transmitted cases the organization has witnessed ever since it began its efforts to address the concern. Syphilis can be treated but may result in serious complications if not addressed. The increase in syphilis infection is a health concern, which requires immediate attention (Nelson & Kliegman, 2016). The Chain Of Command and the Method of Public Health Response That Was Conducted In the Increase of Syphilis InfectionAll healthcare professionals are required to conduct a sexual history on their patients, test them for syphilis, treat them if test is positive, and report the case to the local health department (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). Coordination has been integrated in the programs implemented in addressing this concern as this increases the effectiveness of the implemented policies.
Policies have been enacted to indicate the level of resource exchange within the healthcare agencies (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched a national plan in 1999 and later relaunched the plan in 2006 to eliminate syphilis from the United States. During this time, syphilis infection was at a high rate with reports of up to 522 cases in a year (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). This launch received support from the federal, state, as well as local governments. Other private health agencies also supported this launch. Some of the elements during the launch included strategies to eliminate syphilis from the United States (Nelson & Kliegman, 2016). Some of the strategies included enhanced laboratory systems to help in diagnosing and testing syphilis, collaboration with the community in addressing the issue, and increased screening both in inpatient and outpatient departments (Nelson & Kliegman, 2016). This launch has gained positive results since its establishment.
However, the challenge has once again resurfaced with a high percentage being attributed to men who have sex with men. The CDC implemented a strategy to address the rising syphilis infection by creating a dynamic, evidence-based plan, which is culturally competent to help in the prevention and elimination of syphilis in the United States (Nelson & Kliegman, 2016). Important Public Health Issues Related To Medical Care in This SituationImportant health issues related to medical care of syphilis include alcohol related harms, which is a contributing factor in the indulgence in high-risk sexual behaviors, which are attributed to the increase in sexually transmitted infections (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). HIV is also an important public health concern related to medical care of syphilis. HIV is a sexually transmitted disease like syphilis, which must also be addressed in eliminating syphilis (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). Prevention is the most effective strategy as it reduces the disease infection rate, which is a main goal in eliminating the disease.
Infection of syphilis also leads to increased risk of HIV infection, which further worsens the healthcare goals of the United States (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). The diagnosis and treatment of syphilis is also important, as it requires experienced and qualified healthcare professionals in performing the tests associated with syphilis diagnosis (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013). The CDC has provided guidelines to help in preventing and treating this disease.
The issue of teen pregnancy is also a concern related to medical care in addressing syphilis in the United States. This is because teen pregnancy is attributed to high-risk sexual behaviors, which are contributing factors in the infection of infection (Aral, Fenton, & Lipshutz, 2013).Possible Public Health Risks As Well As the Pros and Cons of Communicating the Situation to the Public and the MediaPossible public health risks include transmission by pregnant mothers to their unborn babies. All pregnant women should be tested for syphilis so that preventive measures are implemented to prevent the unborn baby from contracting the disease (Illman, 2016). Another possible public health risk includes the increased risk of HIV transmission. The government has put many efforts in addressing HIV infection, which can be negatively affected by syphilis infection, which increases the chances of HIV transmission (Illman, 2016). Pros of communicating about the syphilis infection include changes in sexual behaviors, which are attributed to the increase in infection of syphilis (Illman, 2016).The media has a lot of influence on the public and communicating to the public will lead to more informed individuals, which is a benefit on the preventive strategies, which are important in addressing the issue (Illman, 2016).
This will also lead to increased community screening which is important in eliminating the disease. Cons of communicating the situation to the public and the media is panic, which may lead to emotional distress among the public (Illman, 2016). This may also result in increased demands of healthcare services, which may be a challenge for the healthcare systems to address and may increase the costs associated with the provision of healthcare services (Illman, 2016). ReferencesAral, S. O.
, Fenton, K. A., & Lipshutz, J. A. (2013). The new public health and STD/HIV prevention: Personal, public, and health systems approaches. New York: Springer.Illman, J.
(2016). Handling the media: Communication and presentation skills for healthcare professionals. London: JIC Books.Nelson, R., & Kliegman, R. M.
(2016). Textbook of pediatrics. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.