Tasks 2 Outline types of abuse Financial abuse this type of abuse is often seen alongside other forms of abuse. Financial abuse is when one person restricts access to money from another. This type of abuse includes actions like cutting off access to bank accounts, controlling where someone can work and preventing access to financial information.
Neglect: is also known as the ‘omission to act or failure to act. It is a failure to meet the basic needs of the individual. It includes ignoring medical, emotional or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, care and support or educational services and the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating. Indicators of neglect by others and self-neglect are similar. They include: ¬ Malnutrition ¬ Dehydration ¬ Bedsores ¬ Dirty clothing and bedding ¬ Taking the wrong dosage of medication. Self-neglect is the termPhysical Inflicting bodily harm on a person that results in pain or an injury. It includes being hit, shoved, kicked, punched, held, choked or threatened.Sexual abuse – this type of abuse is often perpetrated against women although men can be victims of sexual abuse too.
Sexual abuse includes any unwanted sexual act forced on the victim. This form of abuse is also often known as sexual assault or rape. Sexual abuse can include anything from unwanted touching to forced intercourse or forced sexual contact with another person.For each of the type of abuse that you described, you need to identify signs, symptoms indicators and behaviour which may cause concern Sexual: Sexual abuse is when a person becomes involved in sexual relationships or activities that they do not want to be involved in. They may have said that they do not want to be involved or they may be unable to give consent. Sexual abuse includes rape, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography, subjection to pornography or witnessing sexual acts, indecent exposure and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the adult has not consented or was pressured into consenting toSymptoms indicators which can also indicate sexual abuse include Pain, sores and bruising around the inner thighs and genital, anal or breast areas ¬ Bloodstained Underwear ¬ Pain and discomfort when walking or sitting ¬ Sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy are indicators for sexual activity and can indicate abuse if the person does not have the capacity to provide consent.
http://www.academia.edu/7956001/safeguardingHaving nightmares Running away from home Bedwetting Eating problems such as over eating or anorexia to pornography or witnessing sexual acts, indecent exposure and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the adult has not consented or was pressured into consenting toFinancial abuse: is the use of a person’s funds and belongings without their permission.
This could be theft, fraud, internet scamming, coercion in relation to an adult’s financial affairs or arrangements, including in connection to wills, property, inheritance or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits.Symptoms indicator which can indicate financial abuse Bills not being paid ¬ Loss of assets such as a house being sold and the money from the sale disappearing ¬ Expenditure higher than the living conditions suggest ¬ Not having enough food or clothingNeglect Symptoms indicator which can indicate financial abuse Malnutrition ¬ Dehydration ¬ Bedsores ¬ Dirty clothing and bedding ¬ Taking the wrong dosage of medicationPhysical abuse Physical abuse is an individual’s body being injured or hurt due, for example, to assault, hitting, slapping or pushing. It can also be the wrong use of restrictive practices. Examples could be the misuse of medication or using inappropriate restraint such as locking someone in a room, tying them to a chair or using inappropriate physical sanctions.Symptoms indicator which can indicate physical abuse Injuries that are unexplained or haven’t been treated. There could be several injuries of dif-ferent ages and in different places.
Examples include: ¬ Broken bones ¬ Bruises ¬ Unexplained loss of clumps of hair ¬ Bite, burn or scald marks Signs – bruises, cuts, marks, scolds, etc.Symptoms – pain, depression, withdrawnDescribe actions to take if harm or abuse is suspected or disclosed Policies and procedures: means if a child or young alleges harm or abuse in our setting we would follow the following guidance, policies and procedures: listen to child and take whatever he/she is saying seriously as the child will only disclose such information to somebody they feel they can trust offer support without judging or criticizing anything they are sayingLine of reporting and responsibility Your line manager or Safeguarding Officer will assess the concerns to determine whether an external referral to Children’s Services, Adult Services or the police needs to take place, or can be addressed via the County’s internal procedures. Where a referral is to be made externally, the appointed officer will report the matter to the Children’s Services or Adult Services, and/or to the police.
The external agency will conduct their own investigation about their policies and guidelines. Anonymity may not be maintained on reporting. If you become aware of concerns that a child or vulnerable adult is being abused, or if you have any concerns, you must report it to your line manager. If you think someone is being abused, don’t assume that someone else is doing something about it.Confidentiality: Describe the responsibilities of the health and social care practitioner in relation in relation to whistleblowing Reporting concerns of practise:Raising concerns provides guidance for nurses and midwives on raising concerns. It sets out broad principles that will help them think through the issues and take appropriate action in the public interest. Example she prepares breakfast, delivers personal care, and writes in the hand-over book without taking the gloves off. This is putting the client’s safety at risk and you have a professional duty to raise your concerns about this.
Reporting to external body in response to no action being taken All genuine concerns will be handled responsibly, professionally and in a positive manner Those raising a concern will be afforded protection as detailed in these procedures. Help and support will be available to employees where concerns are raised under the relevant Whistleblowing and Raising a Concern Procedure. Ensure that your concerns are addressed and resolved at the right level and as quickly and effectively as possible Offer you protection when raising a concern that is within the public interest. Advise you, as a manager, what you need to do if someone blows the whistle to you.Describe factors which contribute to an individual being vulnerable or harm Age plays an important role in the patterns of child abuse.
Younger children are much more vulnerable to physical abuse and neglect, with at least 10% of all abuse involving children under the age of 1. In contrast, sexual abuse more often (though not exclusively) involves older children, particularly girls.Children with disabilities are much more at risk of experiencing abuse of all kind. A wide variety of factors may contribute to that risk including sometimes greater depend-ence on carers, increased stresses on the carers and difficulties for the young person to communicate concerns. It is also well documented that people with disabilities face barriers when accessing health services. Attention should therefore be given to supporting the needs, including the dental needs, of children with disabilities and being alert to signs, symptoms and behavioural indicators that may indicate abuse or neglect.Health mental health problems, including problems of drug or alcohol abuse, and those who live with intimate partner violence and abuse are all more at risk of abusing or neglecting their children. They may often need extra support in meeting their children’s needs and may be more vulnerable to the stresses inherent in parenting.
Substance abuse Substance abuse is when you take drugs that are not legal. It’s also when you use alcohol, prescription medicine, and other legal substances too much or in the wrong way.Substance abuse differs from addiction. Many people with substance abuse problems can quit or can change their unhealthy behaviour.
Addiction, on the other hand, is a disease. It means you can’t stop using even when your condition causes you harm.http://www.academia.edu/7956001/safeguarding