The 18th century is the century of reason. Culturally speaking is the era of revival. The dark past of wars, and pain provoked that people wanted to change, to improve their lives, to seek for knowledge. Journalism also began.
Theatre was reopened to the public. London became the center of literature and intellectual life. The king was left behind and the power passed to a prime minister. Agriculture also arose due to new farm tools, making farmers leave the countryside to go to big cities.The economic revolution of the 1700s increased Britain’s wealth enormously, but also increased poverty among others. By 1750, Britain was rapidly industrializing and the social theories of the Enlightenment were eclipsed.As for literature, the 18th century is characterized for having great pieces of literary works.