Water pollution is a big issue in India. The discharge of untreated waste water is the main contamination cause of the surface and groundwater in India. There is a big gap between generations and their treatment of household waste in India. The problem isn’t just the lack of enough treatment capacity but also the sewage treatment plants that exist don’t operate and are not maintained.
The majority of state-owned purifications plants remain closed most of the time due to incorrect design or poor maintenance or lack of reliable power supply for the water purification plants, along with absentee staff and poor management. The waste water generated in these areas have normally seept to the soil or evaporated. The uncollected waste piles up in urban areas, causing unhygienic conditions and releases toxic waste that leak to the surface and groundwater.